Aviation security is a core activity of the European Civil Aviation Conference. ECAC's work in this area focuses on ensuring security measures are in place to protect civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference.
Aviation security measures are described in ECAC Doc 30, Part II, a policy statement adopted by all 44 ECAC Member States. It includes security provisions at national and airport level in addition to specific Baseline measures for securing airports, aircraft, passengers, cabin baggage, hold baggage, cargo and mail, in-flight supplies and airport supplies. Provisions on in-flight security, ATM and cyber security and the management of threats and hijackings are also included in Doc 30, Part II.
ECAC's Focal Point for Security is Alessio Quaranta, Director General for Civil Aviation in Italy.
Lead responsibility for security within the ECAC Secretariat lies with Patricia Reverdy.
The ECAC work programme is delivered by an organisational structure which was established in 2006. It ensures an efficient delivery of the tasks as well as an optimal use of national expertise in the technical and operational field.
This structure includes a Security Forum and three task forces. Several study groups are also established to support the work of these task forces, membership of which includes Member States, observer States (e.g. United States) and stakeholder organisations (e.g. European Commission, IATA and ACI EUROPE), as appropriate.
Security Programme Management Group (SPMG): The Security Programme Management Group (SPMG), chaired by the Focal Point for Security, comprises the chairs of the Security Forum, Guidance Material Task Force, Technical Task Force, Training Task Force, CEP Management Group and the Deputy Executive Secretary. Its role is to:
• develop and determine the work programme of each task force and study group;
• adopt changes to ECAC documentation;
• allocate specific projects and tasks to the appropriate task force;
• monitor progress on those projects; and
• appoint and task ad hoc task forces, as necessary, in response to new challenges.
|Security Forum (SF): chaired by Carla Pinto (Portugal), it comprises representatives from all ECAC Member States, observer States and industry organisations. Its role is to ensure coordination and exchange of information between all ECAC Member States and industry stakeholders on topics of common interest.|
|Guidance Material Task Force (GMTF): chaired by Eleanor Travers (Ireland), it is composed of aviation security experts drawn from Member States, observer States, organisations and the industry, who bring in-depth knowledge of the development and implementation of operational requirements. Its role is to produce best practices and guidance material to support Member States' implementation of Doc 30 Recommendations.|
Technical Task Force (TTF): chaired by José Luis del Carmen Melero (Spain), aims at developing technical specifications and Common Testing Methodologies for different categories of security equipment. The TTF provides technical expertise in support of the ECAC Common Evaluation Process (CEP) of security equipment and serves as a forum to exchange recent developments in aviation security technology.
Training Task Force (TrTF): chaired by Nina Smith (United Kingdom), the role of this group is to develop guidance material and best practice for Member States on training in aviation security, as well as best practices for selection and assessment of security personnel.
The following operational programmes represent the core of ECAC's security activities and are conducted for the benefit of ECAC's 44 Member States.
The objectives of the Programme are: to assess the implementation of Doc 30 Recommendations; identify areas of needed improvement and provide Appropriate Authorities with advice and technical expertise; provide Member States with capacity building activities to meet Doc 30 Recommendations; and facilitate the development of one stop security arrangements.
ECAC vulnerability assessments identify vulnerabilities in existing security arrangements that could be exploited by terrorists and thus better manage any residual risks.
ECAC capacity building activities comprise, but are not limited to: multilateral workshops on issues of common interest to all Member States; standardised tools and procedures such as model aviation security programmes; on-site training and coaching; and targeted capacity-building missions based on audit findings and specific needs expressed by Member States.
The Common Evaluation Process of security equipment (CEP) is a laboratory testing programme of security equipment against ECAC/EU performance standards to provide a common reference for national administrations to certify/approve the security equipment deployed in airports.
The objective is to give the opportunity to a national expert from any ECAC Member State to be integrated to the ECAC Secretariat for a period of six months or more, and to be involved in different projects and security activities.
Another ECAC activity is the preparation for ICAO and other major international conferences to enable ECAC Member States to present coordinated and effective contributions to global security discussions. This coordination is done together with the European Commission.